Are Ticks The Only Culprit? Dr. Sponaugle Believes Mosquitos Are Also To Blame For Lyme Disease.
However, the focus continues to remain too much on “tick-borne” when in fact, there should be more American research on mosquito-borne diseases. I suggested in 2009, when I took over my daughter’s medical care for Lyme disease, Bartonella, Ehrlichia, West Nile, Babesia, etc., that mosquitoes are surely carrying Lyme disease. This scientific fact was finally proven in Germany, the study was released by the University of Frankfurt in 2015.
Personally, I have never met a chronic Lyme patient who denied being bitten by a mosquito, yet, I have treated thousands who denied ever seeing a tick.
Are Women More Prone To Mosquito Bites?
Many men bring their chronic Lyme wives to Sponaugle Wellness and upon questioning, suggest that their wife is actually their mosquito repellent. Do mosquitoes prefer “sugar” to “spice”? The old nursery rhyme suggests females are true, sweeter than men, is it actually true? If so, and if mosquitoes are a major reservoir for Lyme spirochetes, it might explain why we treat so many women with severe Lyme disease who have never seen a tick.
To make this debate more interesting, I must mention a University of Florida study that suggests mosquitoes are more attracted to the sweet smell of lactic acid. Thus, patients with higher toxicity levels will attract more mosquitoes, it is a known fact that females, in general, suffer far more gut toxicity than men.
Furthermore, we know that females have twice the prevalence of toxin derived Multiple Sclerosis (MS) than do men.
The more toxicity one suffers, the more inflammation one suffers, and subsequently, excessive inflammation stimulates an elevation of multiple blood clotting factors (Fibrinogen, Thrombin-Antithrombin III, PAT). The elevated clotting factors ultimately narrow the capillary lumen and prevent red blood cells from traveling through the microcirculation and thus compromise the delivery of oxygen. This leaves deep tissue in a state of micro-hypoxia or lack of oxygen, thus leaving body tissue in a slight, but chronic anaerobic state. This mild anaerobic state causes excessive production and accumulation of sweet-smelling lactic acid in the body tissue and bloodstream.
The take-home message is – the more toxic, the more inflamed, the more excessive blood clotting, the more reduction of capillary blood flow, the more lactic acidosis build-up, the “sweeter” you smell to mosquitoes. This will explain the mechanism for some of you who know well that you are the “mosquito magnet” among your friends and family.
If we accept the stellar research from the University of Frankfurt, and we acknowledge that many more people are bitten by mosquitoes than by ticks, should we then not surmise that partial causation of the surge of Lyme disease is actually secondary to the ever-growing scourge of mosquitos.
I believe these scientific facts and common sense should compel well-funded institutions to immediately begin an attempt to study and ascertain what percentage of mosquitoes are indeed carrying Lyme spirochetes.
Women Who Consider Themselves “Mosquito Magnets” Are Most Susceptible
Let us always think and pontificate, let us not become complacent assuming we have the answer in totality. We must realize the more we know, the less we really know. We cannot blindly accept the limited thinking of many, we should surely be focused on studying the possibility that mosquitoes are potentially every bit as responsible for causing an increased prevalence of Lyme disease in Americans.
We should also surmise that there is a great possibility, certainly remain open-minded to the concept, that mosquitoes can more easily transport Bartonella, a much smaller bacterium than the Borrelia spirochete.
At Sponaugle Wellness, our clinic is saturated with Bartonella ridden females most of whom have never seen a tick, but they do consider themselves a mosquito magnet. Their blood smears are saturated with various Protozoa which readily correlate with Protozoa infection on their PET brain scans.
These women who suggest “mosquitoes love them” more commonly test positive for Bartonella which truthfully seems to be ubiquitous. The blood smears of these women typically reveal Bartonella infection which correlates with medial frontal lobe pressure, mid-forehead, and often significant pressure behind their eyes. These same female patients who readily attract mosquitoes exhibit a specific pattern of under activity in the medial frontal lobe on their PET brain imaging.
This “Bart pattern” we see on their PET brain scan, and the excessive pressure these patients experience in the middle of their forehead and behind their eyes normally goes away once we enhance their mitochondrial function, enhance natural killer cell activity via all-natural IV protocols, which then, after the enhancement of their immune function we provide an efficacious kill with specific antibiotics that are much better for killing Bartonella than they are for Lyme spirochetes.
Let’s keep learning together as I encourage you, the patients, to increase awareness and put pressure on politicians to allocate more tax dollars for the study of mosquitos as a potential and significant reservoir of not only Lyme spirochetes but also what my patients are proving is a Bartonella epidemic in America.
Do Mosquitoes Carry Lyme Disease?
When people typically think about Lyme disease, they associate it with ticks – deer ticks, to be exact. While Lyme has historically been considered a tick-borne disease, more recent scientists and researchers have started to claim that mosquitoes can also infect people with Lyme disease.
Of course, like most ground-breaking science, the claims have been met with controversy in the academic realm of the Lyme disease discussion. Despite many scientific claims showing that mosquitoes can carry Borrelia in their gut and indicating the possibility that mosquitoes are capable of transmitting an infection to humans, many mainstream disease centers still hold otherwise.
For instance, even the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website says that “[t]here is no credible evidence that Lyme disease can be transmitted through air, food, water, or from the bites of mosquitoes, flies, fleas, or lice.”
Understanding the controversy over whether mosquitoes can infect people with Lyme disease can be very confusing, especially since scientists have already determined that mosquitoes can carry the Borrelia bacteria. The issue, however, isn’t quite whether mosquitoes have been found to carry Borrelia. Instead, the question is whether Borrelia and mosquitoes can interact with one another in a way that enables the Borrelia to be transmitted from mosquito to human.
Transmitting the Lyme infection from a tick to a person is not necessarily a matter of the tick sucking Borrelia from one person and injecting it into another. Rather, there are certain relations, processes, and systems inside the tick and Borrelia that enables it to persist for a long enough time to become strong enough to be transmitted to a person. Understanding how the Lyme disease organism, Borrelia, works in a tick is crucial when it comes to understanding the controversy over mosquitoes and Lyme disease.
Lyme Disease in Ticks:
As we mentioned above, when it comes to the transmission of Lyme disease, ticks are not necessarily flying bug syringes that suck Borrelia from one organism and then simply inject it into another. The process, of course, is a little more complicated as it is the interactions between two living things, the tick, and Borrelia, that play a crucial role in the transmission of the infection.
While Borrelia resides in the tick’s gut, it produces a protein that enables the Borrelia to persist in the tick for long periods. The protein aids its survival until the tick feeds again. Then, when the tick begins to feed again, the spirochete decreases its production of that protein and focuses on producing a new protein, which allows the spirochete to move to the tick’s salivary gland where it can then be transmitted to the new host by way of the tick’s saliva.
The production and function of the two proteins that the Borrelia spirochete produces in a tick are integral to the Borrelia’s survival. Still, it also can enhance and utilize a protein already in the tick that protects not only the tick but the spirochete as well from any attacks by the host’s immune system.
Therefore, Borrelia is dependent on the tick’s protein, Salp15, to infect the host as a Lyme disease agent. In addition to the Salp15 protein, the Borrelia also needs the extended time that a tick spends feeding, as it often feeds for multiple days at a time. The spirochetes often require an extended amount of time for those interactions to occur.
Mosquitoes Carry Lyme Disease
Contrarily, Borrelia is much less equipped for survival in mosquitoes. So, despite being found to exist in mosquito guts, and even saliva, people question whether it can survive long enough in the mosquito without the support from the proteins found in ticks. Additionally, mosquitoes take only a few minutes, sometimes even seconds, to feed, whereas ticks take days. Such a short amount of time reduces the spirochetes’ ability to produce whatever equipment they might need to be viable as infectors of Lyme disease in the same way as they are with ticks.
Such concerns have made mainstream disease centers deny that mosquitoes have the capacity to be significant vectors of Lyme disease infections. However, recent studies have provided evidence to combat any such concerns. Specifically, one study performed by individuals from Goethe-University, Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Gorlitz, and the University of Frankfurt has found that mosquitoes might have the equipment, after all, to enable Borrelia spirochetes the ability to survive for the duration necessary to be viable vectors of Lyme disease.
Mosquito Study from German Universities
The researchers in this study aimed to check two things. First, whether Borreliae can be found in different species, or even different genera, of mosquitoes despite their different feeding habits, and secondly, whether Borreliae can be detected in mosquitoes right after their metamorphosis just as the transstadial transmission (the passage of a microbial parasite from one developmental stage of the host to the next) in ticks.
In regards to the first goal of the study, the researchers found that Borreliae could be detected in 10 species of mosquitoes across four different genera. This was out of the 52 species of mosquitoes found in the tested areas of Germany. The frequency of the bacteria found in mosquitoes was consistent with previous studies, and the number of species it found was due to collection methods and not differences between the species.
In line with previous studies, a notable amount of Borriliae was detected in the mosquitoes’ salivary glands, indicating the possibility that mosquitoes can transmit an infection. Regarding the first goal, the study did not find evidence to show anything conclusively. Still, the findings do suggest that mosquitoes might play the role of being an occasional mechanical vector of Lyme disease.
On the other hand, this study found ground-breaking data in relation to the second goal, which was to find out whether Borreliae can be detected in mosquitoes directly following their metamorphoses. Such findings would be significant because being able to survive and continue from one developmental stage of the host to the next is a crucial step for any vector-borne pathogen to be transmitted later on.
This study, for the first time, found that Borreliae endure the metamorphosis from larvae to pupae, and again from pupae to mosquito. The study confirmed this by capturing larvae, which were tested to have Borreliae. Then, while monitoring the laboratory-hatched specimens at each stage of their metamorphosis, the researchers were able to confirm that the mosquitoes maintained the Borrelia in their organism through the changes despite never having a blood meal.
These findings were the first of their kind, and indicate that the Borriliae in mosquitoes has developed some form of survival methods in mosquitoes, which quiets the concerns of those who might be skeptical of mosquitoes having the capacity to transmit infectious Borrelia to people.