How is Lyme Disease Prevented?
Understand the Location & Geography
The northeast, mid-Atlantic and upper midwest have the highest reported cases of Lyme disease in the country. This does not mean the other states are completely safe, but the risks are greater in these regions.
Disease-carrying insects live in humid, grassy, or wooded environments. It’s best to steer clear of thick brush or vegetation where these ticks and mosquitos reside.
Wear protective clothing and spray
Long sleeves, pants, socks, gloves, boots, and hats cover the skin making it more difficult for insects to bite. Clothing can also be treated with permethrin (0.5%) for an additional layer of protection.
The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) also recommends using insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, lemon eucalyptus oil, para-menthane-diol, or 2 undecanoates for an added layer or protection.
Check Daily for Ticks
Although our research has proven mosquitos can also carry Lyme disease, ticks are a major component in infecting and spreading the bacteria. A quick, yet thorough check in front of a mirror is an easy way to spot ticks on the skin. Take special care to specifically check these parts of your body (and child’s) for ticks:
- In and around all body hair
- Behind the knees
- Inside the belly button
- Under the arms/armpits
- In and behind the ears
- Around the waist
- In and around the private parts
Be sure to check clothing and pets carefully as they may carry ticks into your home. If they are found, carefully remove them and wash clothing and dry on high heat to kill the ticks. The first 24 hours are the most important time to effectively remove a tick. The best way to remove a tick is with tweezers.